Uma breve pesquisa sobre legislação aplicada a cheias e inundações em municípios de médio porte no estado do Rio de Janeiro – Brasil

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.19180/2177-4560.v15n12021p2-20

Palavras-chave:

Políticas públicas., Legislações., Inundações., Cheias Urbanas., Gestão ambiental das cidades.

Resumo

Este trabalho, tem por objetivo, realizar um levantamento acerca da legislação municipal e dos demais instrumentos legais de gestão, relacionados ao controle e mitigação de cheias urbanas e inundações em municípios de médio porte no estado do Rio de Janeiro. Neste contexto, foram pesquisados 22 municípios situados na faixa entre 100 a 500 mil habitantes. Dentre os resultados obtidos, constatou-se que apenas 13 municípios possuíam legislação municipal específica para mitigar os efeitos das inundações e cheias urbanas. Aproximadamente 59 % dos municípios analisados, possuíam legislação municipal orientada à realidade local. Nota-se a necessidade do aumento das políticas públicas e incentivos governamentais para a ampliação de dispositivos legais nos municípios analisados.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Vinicius Vanderley Miguel da Silva, Instituto Federal Fluminense - IFF

Mestrando em Engenharia Ambiental pelo Instituto Federal Fluminense - Macaé.

Luis Felipe Umbelino, Instituto Federal Fluminense - IFF

Doutorado em Ecologia pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Professor no Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciencia e Tecnologia Fluminense - Campos dos Goytacazes - Brasil.

Jader Lugon Junior, Instituto Federal Fluminense - IFF

Doutor em Modelagem Computacional (UERJ).  Professor do Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Fluminense - campus Macaé (RJ) – Brasil.

Bruno Barzellay Ferreira da Costa, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ

Doutorado em Engenharia Civil pela Universidade Federal Fluminense. Professor Adjunto II da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - Brasil.

Referências

ANGRA DOS REIS. Law No. 2087, of January 23, 2009. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/a/angra-dosreis/lei-ordinaria/2009/210/2093/lei-ordinaria-n-2093-2009-dispoe-sobre-o-parcelamento-dosolo-no-municipio-de-angra-dosreis?q=2.093>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020a.

ANGRA DOS REIS. Law No. 2093, of January 23, 2009. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/a/angra-dosreis/lei-ordinaria/2009/209/2087/lei-ordinaria-n-2087-2009-dispoe-sobre-o-codigo-de-obrasdo-municipio-de-angra-dos-reis?q=2.087>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020b.

ANGRA DOS REIS. Law No. 3751, of June 4, 2018. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/a/angra-dosreis/lei-ordinaria/2018/376/3751/lei-ordinaria-n-3751-2018-autoriza-a-prefeitura-municipal-ainstituir-a-politica-municipal-de-conservacaouso-racional-e-reaproveitamento-de-aguas-nomunicipio-de-angra-dos-reis-e-da-outras-providencias?q=3.751%20>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

BAPTISTA, M. B.; DE OLIVEIRA NASCIMENTO, N.; BARRAUD, S. Compensatory techniques in urban drainage. (In Portuguese). Porto Alegre: ABRH, 2011.

BARBOSA DOS SANTOS, L.; BORGES MAMEDE, B. Automation in pluvial drainage and flood control: Use of water in large urban centers. (In Portuguese). Electronic Magazine of the Environmental Forum of Alta Paulista, v. 9, n. 2, Nov. 10, 2013.

BRAZIL. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, 1988. (In Portuguese). Available at: <http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/constituicao/constituicao.htm>. Accessed on: Nov. 9, 2019.

BRAZIL. Law No. 9433, of January 8, 1997. (In Portuguese). Available at: <http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/LEIS/L9433.htm>. Accessed on: Apr. 7, 2020.

BRAZIL. Law No. 10257, of July 10, 2001. (In Portuguese). Available at: <http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/leis_2001/l10257.htm>. Accessed on: Apr. 15, 2020.

BRAZIL. Law No. 11445, of January 5, 2007. (In Portuguese). Available at: <http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2007-2010/2007/Lei/L11445.htm>. Accessed on: Apr. 15, 2020.

BRAZIL. Decree No. 7257, of August 4, 2010. (In Portuguese). Available at: <http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2007-2010/2010/Decreto/D7257.htm>. Accessed on: Apr. 6, 2020.

BRAZIL. Law No. 12608, of April 10, 2012. (In Portuguese). Available at: <http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2011-2014/2012/Lei/L12608.htm>. Accessed on: Apr. 7, 2020.

CAMPOS DOS GOYTACAZES. Law No. 8096 of 14 July 2009. (In Portuguese). Available at: <<https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/c/camposdos-goytacazes/leiordinaria/2009/810/8096/lei-ordinaria-n-8096-2009-institui-o-programa-municipal-deconservacao-e-uso-racional-da-agua-emedificacoes-e-estabelece-para-projetos-deedificacoes-coletivas-a-exigencia-dehidrometro-em-cada-unidadeautonoma?q=8096>. Accessed on: May. 7, 2020.

CAMPOS DOS GOYTACAZES. Decree No. 63 of 23 March 2015. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/c/campos-dos-goytacazes/decreto/2015/7/63/decreto-n-63-2015-regulamenta-a-lei-municipal-n-8096-de-14-de-julho-de-2009-com-o-objetivo-de-instituir-medidas-que-induzam-a-conservacao-uso-racional-e-utilizacao-de-fontes-alternativas-para-captacao-e-aproveitamento-de-agua-de-chuva-nas-novas-edificacoes-bem-como-adaptacao-das-ja-existentes?q=Decreto+63+de+2015>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

CANHOLI, A. Urban drainage and flood control. (In Portuguese). São Paulo: Oficina de textos, 2015.

CEPED-UFSC. Brazilian Atlas of Natural Disasters. (In Portuguese).. 2. ed. Florianópolis: University Center for Disasters Studies and Research – Federal University of Santa Catarina, 2013.

CHOO, Y. M.; JO, D. J.; YUN, G. S.; LEE, E. H. A Study on the Improvement of Flood Forecasting Techniques in Urban Areas by Considering Rainfall Intensity and Duration. Water, v. 11, n. 9, p. 1883, Sep. 10, 2019.

CHRISTOFIDIS, D.; ASSUMPÇÃO, R. DOS S. F. V.; KLIGERMAN, D. C. The historical evolution of urban drainage: from traditional drainage to tuning in with nature. (In Portuguese). Health in Debate, v. 43, n. spe3, p. 94–108, Dec. 2019.

COSTA, T. G. N.; LOBO, C. F. F.; SOARES, W. Conditions and projections of access to basic sanitation in brazilian medium cities. (In Portuguese). Terr Plural, v. 14, p. 1–22, 2020.

DA SILVA, C.; SCHARDONG, A.; GARCIA, J.; OLIVEIRA, C. Climate Change Impacts and Flood Control Measures for Highly Developed Urban Watersheds. Water, v. 10, n. 7, p. 829, Jun. 23, 2018.

FONSECA, P. L. DA; NASCIMENTO, E. A. DO; LONGO, O. C. Environmental management of river basins: unconventional measures to control urban floods – main aspects, considerations and integrated actions. (In Portuguese). XIII SIMPEP - Bauru, SP, 2006.

FONTES DA LUZ, A. C.; MIRANDA PINTO, A. E.; UMBELINO DOS SANTOS, L. F.; LUGON JUNIOR, J. Analysis of legislations relating to urban floods management in the Rio de Janeiro state. (In Portuguese). Revista Mundi Engenharia, Tecnologia e Gestão (ISSN: 2525-4782), v. 4, n. 6, Jan. 8, 2020.

FRENI, G.; LIUZZO, L. Effectiveness of Rainwater Harvesting Systems for Flood Reduction in Residential Urban Areas. Water, v. 11, n. 7, p. 1389, Jul. 6, 2019.

IBGE. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. 2010 Demographic Census. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://cidades.ibge.gov.br/>. Accessed on: Apr. 14, 2020a.

IBGE. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. 2010 Demographic Census. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://cidades.ibge.gov.br/>. Accessed on: Apr. 15, 2020b.

IBGE. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Natural disasters: 59.4% of the municipalities do not have a risk management plan. July 5, 2018. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://agenciadenoticias.ibge.gov.br/agencia-noticias/2012-agencia-de-noticias/noticias/21633-desastres-naturais-59-4-dos-municipios-nao-tem-plano-de-gestao-de-riscos>. Accessed on: Apr. 7, 2020.

ITABORAÍ. Law No. 2448, of December 17, 2013. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://www.legislaitaborai.com.br/leis/2013/2448.pdf>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

JUSTINA, C. R. V. D.; LUGON JUNIOR, J.; FERREIRA, M. I. P.; RODRIGUES, P. P. G. W. Diagnosis of the rectilinized stretch of the Macaé river aiming at flood control with the use of solutions based on nature. (In Portuguese). VII Project Sustaninability Meeting 2019, n. 2019, p. 12, 2019.

LEE, E. H.; CHOI, Y. H.; KIM, J. H. Real-Time Integrated Operation for Urban Streams with Centralized and Decentralized Reservoirs to Improve System Resilience. Water, v. 11, n. 1, p. 69, Jan. 2, 2019.

LIANG, R.; DI MATTEO, M.; MAIER, H.; THYER, M. Real-Time, Smart Rainwater Storage Systems: Potential Solution to Mitigate Urban Flooding. Water, v. 11, n. 12, p. 2428, Nov. 20, 2019.

LICCO, E. A.; MAC DOWELL, S. F. Waterloggings, Spates, Flash floods, and Inundations: Digressions about its socio-economic impacts and governance. (In Portuguese) Initiation - Journal of Scientific, Technological and Artistic Initiation. Thematic Edition: Sustainability, v. 5, n. 3, p. 16, 2015.

LUGON JUNIOR, J.; TAVARES, L. P. DA S.; KALAS, F. D. A.; RODRIGUES, P. P. G. W.; WASSERMAN, J. C. A. Reservoir implantation for flood dampening in the Macaé River basin using the Mohid Land model. Ciência e Natura, v. 41, p. e29, 4 out. 2019.

MARICÁ. Law No. 2272, of November 14, 2008. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/m/marica/lei-ordinaria/2008/228/2272/lei-ordinaria-n-2272-2008-estabelece-as-condicoes-de-uso-ocupacao-e-parcelamento-do-solo-para-o-municipio-de-marica-e-da-outras-providencias?q=2.272>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

MEI, C.; LIU, J.; WANG, H.; SHAO, W.; XIA, L.; XIANG, C.; ZHOU, J. Modelling the ability of source control measures to reduce inundation risk in a community-scale urban drainage system. Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences, v. 379, p. 223–229, Jun. 5, 2018.

MESQUITA. Law 929, of October 14, 2015. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/m/mesquita/lei-ordinaria/2015/93/929/lei-ordinaria-n-929-2015-fica-autorizado-no-municipio-de-mesquita-o-programa-de-conservacao-e-uso-racional-da-agua-nas-edificacoes-publicas-e-privadas?q=Lei+n%C2%BA+929+de+2015>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

MIGUEZ, M.; REZENDE, O.; VERÓL, A. Urban drainage: from traditional design to sustainability. (In Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Elsevier Brazil, 2015.

MINAKI, C.; AMORIM, M. C. DE C. T. Urban environmental quality in municipal legislation: Example of Araçatuba-SP director’s plan. (In Portuguese). Raega – The Geographic Space in Analysis, v. 25, Jul. 6, 2012.

NITERÓI. Law No. 1620, of December 24, 1997. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/n/niteroi/lei-ordinaria/1997/162/1620/lei-ordinaria-n-1620-1997-define-disposicoes-relativas-a-aprovacao-de-edificacoes-residenciais-unifamiliares.html>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

NITERÓI. Law No. 2626, of December 30, 2008. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/n/niteroi/lei-ordinaria/2008/262/2626/lei-ordinaria-n-2626-2008-dispoe-sobre-a-instalacao-de-sistemas-de-aquecimento-solar-de-aguas-e-do-aproveitamento-de-aguas-pluviais-na-construcao-publica-e-privada-no-municipio-de-niteroi-e-cria-a-comissao-municipal-de-sustentabilidade-urbana>. Accessed on: May. 3 2020.

NITERÓI. Law No. 2630, of January 7, 2009. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/n/niteroi/lei-ordinaria/2009/263/2630/lei-ordinaria-n-2630-2009-disciplina-os-procedimentos-relativos-ao-armazenamento-de-aguas-pluviais-para-reaproveitamento-e-retardo-da-descarga-na-rede-publica>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

NITERÓI. Law No. 3061, of December 3, 2013. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/n/niteroi/lei-ordinaria/2013/306/3061/lei-ordinaria-n-3061-2013-autoriza-o-poder-executivo-a-instituir-a-operacao-urbana-consorciada-da-area-central-de-niteroi-e-da-outras-providencias.html>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

NOVA FRIBURGO. Law No. 3046, of December 21, 1999. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://novafriburgo.cespro.com.br/visualizarDiploma.php?cdMunicipio=6811&cdDiploma=3155&NroLei=3.046&Word=&Word2=>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

NOVA FRIBURGO. Law 3227, of December 5, 2002. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://novafriburgo.cespro.com.br/visualizarDiploma.php?cdMunicipio=6811&cdDiploma=6405&NroLei=3.227&Word=&Word2=>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

NOVA FRIBURGO. Law No. 4062, of May 4, 2012. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://novafriburgo.cespro.com.br/visualizarDiploma.php?cdMunicipio=6811&cdDiploma=6847&NroLei=4.062&Word=&Word2=>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020a.

NOVA FRIBURGO. Law No. 4093, of June 18, 2012. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://novafriburgo.cespro.com.br/visualizarDiploma.php?cdMunicipio=6811&cdDiploma=5579&NroLei=4.093&Word=&Word2=>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020b.

NUCASE. Rainwater: compensatory techniques for urban flood control: guide of the professional in training: level 2 and 3. (In Portuguese). Belo Horizonte: Ministry of Cities. National Secretariat for Environmental Sanitation, 2007.

PETROPOLIS. Law No. 6439, of May 16, 2007. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://petropolis.cespro.com.br/visualizarDiploma.php?cdMunicipio=6830&cdDiploma=20076439&NroLei=6.439&Word=&Word2=>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

QUEIMADOS. Law No. 035, of December 21, 2006. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://www.queimados.rj.leg.br/leis/legislacao-municipal/leis-complementares/lc-035-06-plano-diretor.pdf / view>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

QUEIMADOS. Law No. 064, of June 5, 2013. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://www.queimados.rj.leg.br/leis/legislacao-municipal/leis-complementares/lc-064-13-codigo-de-zoneamento -municipal.pdf / view>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

RESENDE. Law No. 3048, of October 23, 2013. (In Portuguese). Available at: <http://resende.rj.gov.br/conteudo/boletim_oficial/2013/Bo_043_1_2_3_4.pdf>. Accessed on: May. 5, 2020.

RIO DAS OSTRAS. Law No. 1402, of December 16, 2009. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://www.riodasostras.rj.gov.br/wp-content/themes/pmro/download/leis-e-codigos/luem/1402-2009 .pdf>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

RIO DAS OSTRAS. Decree No 015, of January 29, 2010. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://www.riodasostras.rj.gov.br/wp-content/themes/pmro/download/leis-e-codigos/luem/015-2010 .pdf>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020a.

RIO DAS OSTRAS. Law No. 1489, of December 10, 2010. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://www.riodasostras.rj.gov.br/wp-content/themes/pmro/download/leis-e-codigos/luem/1489-2010 .pdf>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020b.

RIO DAS OSTRAS. Law No. 1727, of September 21, 2012. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://www.riodasostras.rj.gov.br/wp-content/themes/pmro/download/leis-e-codigos/luem/1727-2012 .pdf>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

RIO DE JANEIRO. Law No. 7463, of October 18, 2016. (In Portuguese). Available at: <http://alerjln1.alerj.rj.gov.br/CONTLEI.NSF/c8aa0900025feef6032564ec0060dfff/186e9070198174dd83257ff10059d9d9?OpenDocument&Highlight=0,746. Accessed on: Apr. 21, 2020.

SALES, D. D. S.; OLIVEIRA, V. D. P. S. DE; LUGON JUNIOR, J. Geotechnologies as a support for the diagnosis of the geomorphological-fluvial dynamics of the low course of the Paraíba do Sul river. (In Portuguese). MIX Sustentável, v. 6, n. 1, p. 91–103, May. 3, 2020.

SANSEVERINO-GODFRIN, V. The problems of the late implementation of the legal prevention measures for flood risk. E3S Web of Conferences, v. 7, p. 13010, 2016.

SCHELLIN, L. M.; LEINIG, A. K. G. Contributions to the legislation for rooftop detention systems. Brazilian Journal of Development, v. 4, n. 1, p. 31–53, 2018.

TAMPOROSKI, B. R. F.; ALVES, M. A. M. Urban planning and flooding in Dourados: the gap between reality and legality. (In Portuguese). São Paulo, v. 14, n. 27, p. 16, 2012.

TAVARES, L. P. DA S.; COSTA, J. B. DA; KALAS, F. D. A.; LUGON JUNIOR, J. Hydrological modeling of the Macaé River basin using MOHID Land. (In Portuguese). Alberto Ribeiro Lamego Environmental Observatory Bulletin. v. 11, n. 1, p. 169, Oct. 30, 2017.

TAVARES, L. P. DA S.; LUGON JUNIOR, J.; SILVA, J. A. F. DA; WASSERMAN, J. C.; RODRIGUES, P. P. G. W. Water management and urban flood mitigation: Studies and proposals for the Macaé river basin in Brazil. Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering, v. 12, n. 2, p. 188–200, 2018.

TERESÓPOLIS. Law No. 79, of October 20, 2006. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/t/teresopolis/lei-complementar/2006/8/79/lei-complementar-n-79-2006-dispoe-sobre-o-plano-diretor-de-desenvolvimento-sustentavel-de-teresopolis-e-da-outras-providencias?q=Lei+n%C2%BA+79+de+2006>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

TERESÓPOLIS. Law 105, of December 19, 2007. (In Portuguese). Available at: <https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rj/t/teresopolis/lei-complementar/2007/11/105/lei-complementar-n-105-2007-dispoe-sobre-o-codigo-de-obras-e-edificacoes-do-municipio-de-teresopolis-e-da-outras-providencias?q=Lei+n%C2%BA+105+de+2007>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

TUCCI, C. E. M. Urban water. Freshwater Book. (In Portuguese). p. 1–40, 1997a.

TUCCI, C. E. M. Urban drainage master plan: principles and design. (In Portuguese). Brazilian Journal of Water Resources, v. 2, n. 2, p. 5–12, 1997b.

TUCCI, C. E. M. Flooding and urban drainage. Urban flooding in South America. (In Portuguese). Porto Alegre: Brazilian Water Resources Association, p. 45–141, 2003.

TUCCI, C. E. M. Integrated management of urban floods in Brazil. (In portuguese). Latin America Water Management Magazine, v. 1, n. 1, p. 59–73, 2004.

TUCCI, C. E. M. Urban flooding. (In Portuguese). Porto Alegre: ABRH/RHAMA, v. 11, 2007a.

TUCCI, C. E. M. Hydrology: science and application. (In Portuguese). Porto Alegre: Editora da UFRGS, 2007b.

TUCCI, C. E. M. Urban waters. (In Portuguese). Advanced Studies, v. 22, n. 63, p. 97–112, 2008.

TUCCI, C. E. M.; CLARKE, R. T. Impact of changes in vegetation cover on runoff: a review. (In Portuguese). Brazilian Journal of Water Resources, v. 2, n. 1, p. 135–152, 1997.

URSINO, N.; GRISI, A. Reliability and efficiency of rainwater harvesting systems under different climatic and operational scenarios. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, v. 12, n. 01, p. 194–199, Jan. 1, 2017.

VOLTA REDONDA. Law No. 5216, of April 7, 2016. (In Portuguese). Available at: <http://www.portalvr.com/smg/leis/mod/cadastro_2/uploads/lei/2016/lei_5216_2016.pdf>. Accessed on: May. 3, 2020.

Downloads

Publicado

25-12-2021

Como Citar

SILVA, V. V. M. da; UMBELINO, L. F.; JUNIOR, J. L.; COSTA, B. B. F. da. Uma breve pesquisa sobre legislação aplicada a cheias e inundações em municípios de médio porte no estado do Rio de Janeiro – Brasil. Boletim do Observatório Ambiental Alberto Ribeiro Lamego, [S. l.], v. 15, n. 1, p. 2–20, 2021. DOI: 10.19180/2177-4560.v15n12021p2-20. Disponível em: https://essentiaeditora.iff.edu.br/index.php/boletim/article/view/15907. Acesso em: 1 dez. 2022.

Artigos mais lidos pelo mesmo(s) autor(es)

1 2 > >>