COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF MIDAS-TYPE PORTS: A CASE STUDY OF THE PORT OF SUAPE (STATE OF PERNAMBUCO) AND THE PORT OF AÇU (STATE OF RIO)
ResumoThis research aims to perform a comparative analysis of the potential and the existingspecial social, environmental impacts caused by the building of the Port of Açu (Clipa),located in Southern São João da Barra town (RJ), Brazil. It also analyzes the changesoccurring in the area under the influence of the Port of Suape, in Metropolitan Recife, inbetween the towns of Ipujuca and Cabo de Santo Agostinho. These ports are called MIDAS(Maritime Industrial Development Areas). They are designed for industrial use, a.k.a. IPZ(Industrial Port Zone) to meet the demands of globalization, linking markets and sheddingborders. By requiring efficiency and speed in the shipping of goods, they demand a largearea for the expansion of their cargo storage areas, because space impacts the members oftraditional communities, changing their trading focus on fishing activities, agriculture andlivestock.